A VCUarts Qatar alumna creates modular furniture that is cost-effective, easy to assemble and biodegradable.
Shainah Dane Juras always loved the holidays – family, food, and festivities beckoned. But the holiday season of December 2019 would prove to be unforgettable for reasons more than the usual ones.
Her family, who hail from the Philippines, had just finished celebrating together in Qatar where they’ve been residing since 2008. Keen to share the festival spirit beyond their own family circle, the Juras family decided to cook food for a few friends who lived in the Industrial Area neighborhood in the suburbs of Doha, in the run-up to the New Year.
Shainah, at the time a sophomore studying interior design at Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts in Qatar (VCUarts Qatar), pitched in to cook and then deliver the traditional Filipino dishes that would evoke a taste of home for these friends.
It was a visit that would, for the then 18-year-old, turn out to be an eye-opener.
“I had heard of the multi-storied accommodations where immigrant staff live,” recalls Shainah. “But I had never visited one. While they were provided with necessary amenities, what struck me almost immediately was that there were only a few spaces where residents could truly be alone. They didn’t experience the privacy that nuclear families such as mine are used to and take for granted.”
That evening, as she joined her family in serving the home-cooked meals to the residents in the building, and the impromptu singing that followed, she couldn’t help noticing something else – the lack of single pieces of personal furniture, other than the beds they were sleeping on.
Later, as they drove home, Shainah reflected on the four-hour visit. As someone who had just been introduced to the significance of customer-centric design, at university, she couldn’t stop mulling over what she’d seen – and whether she could, in a small way, enhance the lifestyle of those living in shared spaces.
By the time the holidays ended, and the spring semester started, Shainah had set her mind on exploring two aspects that she hoped she could contribute to, and which held the potential for further research and development.
She had a strategy to tackle this. She would make them part of her two undergraduate research projects, first for her senior thesis, and second, for her Honors project, both of which she would have to submit in her final year at VCUarts Qatar.
“For my Senior Thesis project, I decided to focus on the relationship of the residents to the space and layout of their accommodation, and suggest a solution for it,” she says. “I used the World Health Organization’s (WHO) findings as a solid foundation to build my proposal on. According to the WHO, adequate housing is a human right, and argues that what falls under an “adequate” physical shelter means more than a place to stay; it is a space where privacy is protected, and psychological wellbeing is supported.”
When it came to her Honors Program Experiential Project, Shainah wanted to tackle the second aspect – furniture that could be installed and used in compact spaces such as studio apartments in urban multi-storied buildings, work cubicles in offices, and worker’s accommodations.
Her first step was to consult interior design faculty member Mohammed Suleiman. Suleiman suggested exploring the notion of space, and to question what makes something personal, and what identifies an object as belonging to someone.
With the concepts for both proposals mapped out, and with the support of the faculty, Shainah went to work. For the senior thesis, she interviewed psychiatrists, social workers, and health workers from three continents, all of whom had direct interaction with migrant workers. She also talked to Filipino workers who lived in provided accommodations.
The findings from her interviews and research informed the proposal for her senior thesis: a layout for community housing that incorporated biophilic design, was functional, and provided privacy, along with separate spaces for personal living, personal belongings, and social interaction.
When it came to her Honors Program project that explored furniture options, she investigated existing modular furniture that offered space to store personal belongings. She discovered that most models were either too large or too expensive. She was determined to make her models cheaper and simpler.
“My final design was a kit from which each resident could create one, two or three distinct pieces of furniture to populate their small space,” she explains. “For instance, if they choose not to use the kit as a chair, they would be able to assemble the parts to make other furniture items such as a storage container, shelving for the kitchens and so on. They would receive the kit in a box covered in fabric. The fabric could be repurposed as bunk bed covering.”
To keep costs down, Shainah consulted VCUarts Qatar’s Materials Library, where she was introduced to a material called ‘reBoard’. She chose it for various reasons: it was “recycled, cost-efficient, lightweight, had a strong top layer, allowed for crisp folding, and had excellent weight-bearing properties”.
When Shainah started the fabrication process, her first instinct was to create a handyman toolkit to help residents assemble the furniture with screws and hinges. Over time though, she changed her mind.
“Adding a toolkit would only have added to the cost and made assembly complex; I needed a solution that didn’t require nuts, screws, and bolts,” she says. “My research led me to Japanese joinery, particularly the mortise and tenon technique. A ‘mortise and tenon joint’ connects two pieces of wood or other material without external elements such as screws and nails, while still allowing it to be functional and adjustable. Woodworkers around the world have used it for thousands of years to join pieces of wood. Adopting this technique allowed me to reduce the amount and types of materials needed, the cost, and made assembly easier.”
After completing the final model, Shainah decided to create a booklet for the workers. Her approach to creating the booklet was similar to her concept for the furniture: just as she eliminated screws and hinges, she eliminated words. Taking inspiration from the LEGO and IKEA instruction manuals, she used pictorial language in place of text.
Upon completing the projects, Shainah says the sense of accomplishment and fulfillment that she felt was unlike any emotion she had ever experienced before.
“The project focused on utility, and on meeting a need,” she says. “It meant a lot to me to be able to provide something small yet functional to a group of people who needed it. When I told some of the residents in the accommodation I had visited, that I was building something for them, they were moved and surprised that I took a special interest in them.”
She adds, “When I eventually presented one of my family friends who lives in the industrial area with one of the furniture kits I had developed, he was ecstatic and touched that I had designed something specifically for them.”
The Class of 2022 graduate says that in addition to being a project that was “incredibly gratifying”, she hopes her efforts serve another purpose – that it dispels the public notion of what interior design is all about.
“There is a misconception in the community that interior design is interior decorating, which it is not,” she says. “Interior design is evidence-based design that focuses on human ergonomics and designs based on psychology, ergonomics, anthropometrics and purpose. It is studying what the people you are designing for need and what can be improved, it is challenging the norms of what we know in the design world rather than taking what already exists. My project, I feel, encapsulates this.”
For more information about VCUarts Qatar, visit qatar.vcu.edu
About Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts in Qatar
Established in 1998 through a partnership with Qatar Foundation, VCUarts Qatar is the international branch campus of Virginia Commonwealth University’s School of the Arts, a top-ranked art and design school in Richmond, Virginia in the United States. VCUarts Qatar offers students the opportunity to earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in graphic design, interior design, and painting and printmaking, a Bachelor of Arts degree in art history, and a Master of Fine Arts degree in design. A vibrant community with global reach, VCUarts promises to instill in students a lifelong passion for education and the arts.
Qatar Foundation – Unlocking Human Potential
Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF) is a non-profit organization that supports Qatar on its journey to becoming a diversified and sustainable economy. QF strives to serve the people of Qatar and beyond by providing specialized programs across its innovation-focused ecosystem of education, research and development, and community development. QF is also creating a multidisciplinary innovation hub in Qatar, where homegrown researchers are working to address local and global challenges. By promoting a culture of lifelong learning and fostering social engagement through programs that embody Qatari culture, QF is committed to empowering the local community and contributing to a better world for all.